Privilege escalation in Windows Installer



Published: 2020-03-11
Risk Low
Patch available YES
Number of vulnerabilities 5
CVE-ID CVE-2020-0779
CVE-2020-0798
CVE-2020-0814
CVE-2020-0842
CVE-2020-0843
CWE-ID CWE-59
CWE-427
CWE-264
Exploitation vector Local
Public exploit Public exploit code for vulnerability #3 is available.
Vulnerable software
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Windows
Operating systems & Components / Operating system

Windows Server
Operating systems & Components / Operating system

Vendor Microsoft

Security Bulletin

This security bulletin contains information about 5 vulnerabilities.

1) Link following

EUVDB-ID: #VU25972

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 6.8 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-0779

CWE-ID: CWE-59 - Improper Link Resolution Before File Access ('Link Following')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local user to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to insecure processing of symbolic links in MSI packages within the Windows Installer. A local user can create a specially crafted symbolic link and elevate privileges on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Windows: 7 - 10 1909

Windows Server: 2008 - 2019 1909


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0779

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

2) Insecure DLL loading

EUVDB-ID: #VU25974

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 7.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-0798

CWE-ID: CWE-427 - Uncontrolled Search Path Element

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local user to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to Windows Installer fails to properly sanitize input leading to an insecure library loading behavior. A local user can place a malicious library on the affected filesystem and escalate privileges on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Windows: 10 1607 - 10 1909

Windows Server: 2016 - 2019 1909


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0798

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

3) Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

EUVDB-ID: #VU25975

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 7.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-0814

CWE-ID: CWE-264 - Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

Exploit availability: Yes

Description

The vulnerability allows a local user to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to the way Windows Installer handles certain filesystem operations. A local user can escalate privileges on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Windows: 7 - 10 1909

Windows Server: 2008 - 2019 1909


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0814

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

4) Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

EUVDB-ID: #VU25976

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 7.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-0842

CWE-ID: CWE-264 - Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local user to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to the way Windows Installer handles certain filesystem operations. A local user can escalate privileges on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Windows: 7 - 10 1909

Windows Server: 2008 - 2019 1909


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0842

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

5) Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

EUVDB-ID: #VU25977

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 7.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-0843

CWE-ID: CWE-264 - Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local user to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to the way Windows Installer handles certain filesystem operations. A local user can escalate privileges on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Windows: 7 - 10 1909

Windows Server: 2008 - 2019 1909


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-0843

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.



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