Multiple vulnerabilities in Moodle



Published: 2020-07-20
Risk High
Patch available YES
Number of vulnerabilities 3
CVE ID CVE-2020-14320
CVE-2020-14321
CVE-2020-14322
CWE ID CWE-79
CWE-264
CWE-20
Exploitation vector Network
Public exploit Public exploit code for vulnerability #1 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #2 is available.
Vulnerable software
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Moodle
Web applications / Other software

Vendor moodle.org

Security Advisory

1) Cross-site scripting

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 5.5 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C] [PCI]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-14320

CWE-ID: CWE-79 - Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')

Exploit availability: Yes

Description

The disclosed vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitization of user-supplied data in admin task logs filter. A remote attacker can trick the victim to follow a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in user's browser in context of vulnerable website.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow a remote attacker to steal potentially sensitive information, change appearance of the web page, perform phishing and drive-by-download attacks.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Moodle: 3.7.0, 3.7.1, 3.7.2, 3.7.3, 3.7.4, 3.7.5, 3.7.6, 3.8.0, 3.8.1, 3.8.2, 3.8.3, 3.9.0

CPE External links

https://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=407392

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

2) Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

Risk: High

CVSSv3.1: 7.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:O/RC:C] [PCI]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-14321

CWE-ID: CWE-264 - Permissions, Privileges, and Access Controls

Exploit availability: Yes

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to application does not properly impose security restrictions within ourse enrolments. A remote authenticated attacker with teacher permission can escalate privileges from teacher role into manager role. 

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Moodle: 3.5.0, 3.5.1, 3.5.2, 3.5.3, 3.5.4, 3.5.5, 3.5.6, 3.5.7, 3.5.8, 3.5.9, 3.5.10, 3.5.11, 3.5.12, 3.7.0, 3.7.1, 3.7.2, 3.7.3, 3.7.4, 3.7.5, 3.7.6, 3.8.0, 3.8.1, 3.8.2, 3.8.3, 3.9.0

CPE External links

https://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=407393

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

3) Input validation error

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 6.5 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C] [PCI]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-14322

CWE-ID: CWE-20 - Improper Input Validation

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform a denial of service (DoS) attack.

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient validation of user-supplied input in yui_combo. A remote attacker can pass specially crafted input to the application and perform a denial of service (DoS) attack.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Moodle: 3.5.0, 3.5.1, 3.5.2, 3.5.3, 3.5.4, 3.5.5, 3.5.6, 3.5.7, 3.5.8, 3.5.9, 3.5.10, 3.5.11, 3.5.12, 3.7.0, 3.7.1, 3.7.2, 3.7.3, 3.7.4, 3.7.5, 3.7.6, 3.8.0, 3.8.1, 3.8.2, 3.8.3, 3.9.0

CPE External links

https://moodle.org/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=407394

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.



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