Multiple vulnerabilities in Ruby cgi gem



Published: 2021-11-25
Risk High
Patch available YES
Number of vulnerabilities 2
CVE-ID CVE-2021-41816
CVE-2021-41819
CWE-ID CWE-119
CWE-451
Exploitation vector Network
Public exploit N/A
Vulnerable software
Subscribe
cgi
Web applications / Modules and components for CMS

Vendor Ruby

Security Bulletin

This security bulletin contains information about 2 vulnerabilities.

1) Buffer overflow

EUVDB-ID: #VU58364

Risk: High

CVSSv3.1: 8.5 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2021-41816

CWE-ID: CWE-119 - Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the target system.

The vulnerability exists due to a boundary error in CGI.escape_html. A remote attacker can trigger memory corruption and execute arbitrary code on the target system.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in complete compromise of vulnerable system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

cgi: 0.1.0, 0.2.0, 0.3.0

CPE2.3 External links

http://www.ruby-lang.org/en/news/2021/11/24/buffer-overrun-in-cgi-escape_html-cve-2021-41816/

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

2) Spoofing attack

EUVDB-ID: #VU58365

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 5.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:N/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2021-41819

CWE-ID: CWE-451 - User Interface (UI) Misrepresentation of Critical Information (Clickjacking, spoofing)

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform spoofing attack.

The vulnerability exists due to incorrect processing of user-supplied data in CGI::Cookie.parse. A remote attacker can spoof page content.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

cgi: 0.1.0, 0.2.0, 0.3.0

CPE2.3 External links

http://www.ruby-lang.org/en/news/2021/11/24/cookie-prefix-spoofing-in-cgi-cookie-parse-cve-2021-41819/

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.



###SIDEBAR###