Multiple vulnerabilities in Yokogawa CENTUM and Exaopc



Published: 2022-03-29
Risk Medium
Patch available YES
Number of vulnerabilities 10
CVE-ID CVE-2022-21194
CVE-2022-23402
CVE-2022-21808
CVE-2022-22729
CVE-2022-22151
CVE-2022-21177
CVE-2022-22145
CVE-2022-22148
CVE-2022-22141
CVE-2022-23401
CWE-ID CWE-798
CWE-22
CWE-287
CWE-117
CWE-400
CWE-78
CWE-269
CWE-427
Exploitation vector Network
Public exploit N/A
Vulnerable software
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CENTUM VP
Web applications / Remote management & hosting panels

CENTUM CS 3000
Web applications / Remote management & hosting panels

Exaopc
Web applications / CMS

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class
Hardware solutions / Firmware

CENTUM VP Entry Class
Hardware solutions / Firmware

Vendor Yokogawa

Security Bulletin

This security bulletin contains information about 10 vulnerabilities.

1) Use of hard-coded credentials

EUVDB-ID: #VU61673

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 6.2 [CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:L/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-21194

CWE-ID: CWE-798 - Use of Hard-coded Credentials

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to gain full access to vulnerable system.

The vulnerability exists due to presence of hard-coded credentials in application code. A remote unauthenticated attacker on the local network can access the affected system using the hard-coded credentials.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in complete compromise of vulnerable system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.79


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the local network (LAN).

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

2) Use of hard-coded credentials

EUVDB-ID: #VU61674

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 6.8 [CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-23402

CWE-ID: CWE-798 - Use of Hard-coded Credentials

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to gain full access to vulnerable system.

The vulnerability exists due to presence of hard-coded credentials in application code within the CAMS server application. A remote unauthenticated attacker on the local network can access the affected system using the hard-coded credentials.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in complete compromise of vulnerable system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the local network (LAN).

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

3) Path traversal

EUVDB-ID: #VU61676

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 6.2 [CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:H/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-21808

CWE-ID: CWE-22 - Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform directory traversal attacks.

The vulnerability exists due to input validation error when processing directory traversal sequences. A remote attacker on the local network can send a specially crafted packet to a CAMS for HIS server and read and write arbitrary files on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the local network (LAN).

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

4) Improper Authentication

EUVDB-ID: #VU61677

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 7.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-22729

CWE-ID: CWE-287 - Improper Authentication

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to bypass authentication process.

The vulnerability exists due to CAMS for HIS Server improperly authenticate the receiving packets. A remote user can bypass authentication process and gain unauthorized access to the application.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

5) Improper Output Neutralization for Logs

EUVDB-ID: #VU61678

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 5.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-22151

CWE-ID: CWE-117 - Improper Output Neutralization for Logs

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform a denial of service (DoS) attack.

The vulnerability exists due to CAMS for HIS Log Server fails to properly neutralize log outputs. A remote user can cause a denial of service conditon on the target system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

6) Path traversal

EUVDB-ID: #VU61679

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 7.1 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-21177

CWE-ID: CWE-22 - Improper Limitation of a Pathname to a Restricted Directory ('Path Traversal')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform directory traversal attacks.

The vulnerability exists due to input validation error when processing directory traversal sequences in CAMS for HIS Log Server. A remote user can send a specially crafted HTTP request and create or overwritte arbitrary files on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

7) Resource exhaustion

EUVDB-ID: #VU61680

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 5.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-22145

CWE-ID: CWE-400 - Uncontrolled Resource Consumption ('Resource Exhaustion')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform a denial of service (DoS) attack.

The vulnerability exists due to application does not properly control consumption of internal resources in CAMS for HIS Log Server. A remote user can trigger resource exhaustion and perform a denial of service (DoS) attack.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

8) OS Command Injection

EUVDB-ID: #VU61682

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 7.5 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-22148

CWE-ID: CWE-78 - Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an OS Command ('OS Command Injection')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local attacker to execute arbitrary shell commands on the target system.

The vulnerability exists due to inappropriate access privilege in Root Service function. A local attacker can pass specially crafted data to the application and execute arbitrary OS commands on the target system.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in complete compromise of vulnerable system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

9) Improper Privilege Management

EUVDB-ID: #VU61683

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 5.8 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:L/I:L/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-22141

CWE-ID: CWE-269 - Improper Privilege Management

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local attacker to escalate privileges.

The vulnerability exists due to inappropriate access privilege vulnerability in Long-term Data Archive Package. A local attacker can utilize a named pipe with inappropriate access privileges to delete arbitrary files.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.

10) Insecure DLL loading

EUVDB-ID: #VU61684

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 7.2 [CVSS:3.1/AV:A/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2022-23401

CWE-ID: CWE-427 - Uncontrolled Search Path Element

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to compromise vulnerable system.

The vulnerability exists due to the application loads DLL libraries in an insecure manner. A remote attacker on the local network can place a specially crafted .dll file and execute arbitrary code on victim's system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

CENTUM VP: R4.01 - R6.08

Exaopc: R3.72 - R3.78

CENTUM CS 3000: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM CS 3000 Entry Class: R3.08.10 - R3.09.00

CENTUM VP Entry Class: R4.01 - R6.08


CPE2.3 External links

http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/advisories/icsa-22-083-01
http://web-material3.yokogawa.com/1/32094/files/YSAR-22-0001-E.pdf

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the local network (LAN).

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability.



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