Multiple vulnerabilities in IBM Data Risk Manager



Published: 2020-04-22 | Updated: 2020-05-05
Risk High
Patch available NO
Number of vulnerabilities 2
CVE ID CVE-2020-4428
CVE-2020-4429
CWE ID CWE-287
CWE-521
Exploitation vector Network
Public exploit Public exploit code for vulnerability #1 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #2 is available.
Vulnerable software
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IBM Data Risk Manager
Web applications / Other software

Vendor IBM Corporation

Security Advisory

Updated: 05.05.2020

Assigned CVE-IDs.

1) Improper Authentication

Risk: High

CVSSv3.1: 7.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:U/RC:C] [PCI]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-4428

CWE-ID: CWE-287 - Improper Authentication

Exploit availability: Yes

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to bypass authentication process.

The vulnerability exists due to sensitive information exposure at the "/albatross/saml/idpSelection" API endpoint that provides unauthenticated users with a valid session identifier. A remote non-authenticated attacker can obtain session identifier, bypass authentication process and gain unauthorized access to the application.

Mitigation

Cybersecurity Help is currently unaware of any official solution to address this vulnerability.

Vulnerable software versions

IBM Data Risk Manager: 2.0.1, 2.0.2, 2.0.3, 2.0.4

CPE External links

https://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2020/Apr/33

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

2) Weak password requirements

Risk: High

CVSSv3.1: 7.7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:U/RC:C] [PCI]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-4429

CWE-ID: CWE-521 - Weak Password Requirements

Exploit availability: Yes

Description

The vulnerability allows an attacker to gain unauthorized access to the application.

The vulnerability exists due to application is using default credentials of "a3user:idrm" for user with access to SSH and sudo commands and does not require obligatory password change for this account upon first login.A remote attacker can abuse this account to gain unauthorized access to the application.

Note, despite the case being described in the IBM documentation this is a security vulnerability that should be addresses by forcing users to change default passwords rather than writing about it in manuals.

Mitigation

Cybersecurity Help is currently unaware of any official solution to address this vulnerability.

Vulnerable software versions

IBM Data Risk Manager: 2.0.1, 2.0.2, 2.0.3, 2.0.4, 2.0.5, 2.0.6

CPE External links

https://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2020/Apr/33

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.



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