Multiple vulnerabilities in Microsoft Office



Published: 2020-07-14
Risk High
Patch available YES
Number of vulnerabilities 7
CVE-ID CVE-2020-1458
CVE-2020-1451
CVE-2020-1450
CVE-2020-1445
CVE-2020-1456
CVE-2020-1342
CVE-2020-1025
CWE-ID CWE-427
CWE-79
CWE-125
CWE-119
Exploitation vector Network
Public exploit Public exploit code for vulnerability #1 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #2 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #3 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #4 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #5 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #6 is available.
Public exploit code for vulnerability #7 is available.
Vulnerable software
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Microsoft 365 Apps for Enterprise
Client/Desktop applications / Other client software

Microsoft SharePoint Server
Server applications / Application servers

Microsoft Office
Client/Desktop applications / Office applications

Microsoft Word
Client/Desktop applications / Office applications

Microsoft Office for Mac
Client/Desktop applications / Office applications

Microsoft Office Web Apps
Client/Desktop applications / Office applications

Office Online Server
Server applications / Other server solutions

Skype for Business Server
Server applications / Conferencing, Collaboration and VoIP solutions

Microsoft Lync
Client/Desktop applications / Messaging software

Vendor Microsoft

Security Bulletin

This security bulletin contains information about 7 vulnerabilities.

1) Insecure DLL loading

EUVDB-ID: #VU29735

Risk: High

CVSSv3.1: 7.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1458

CWE-ID: CWE-427 - Uncontrolled Search Path Element

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to compromise vulnerable system.

The vulnerability exists due to the application loads DLL libraries in an insecure manner within the Microsoft Office. A remote attacker can trick a victim to open a specially crafted Office document, and execute arbitrary code on victim's system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Microsoft 365 Apps for Enterprise: 32-bit Systems - 64-bit Systems


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1458

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

2) Cross-site scripting

EUVDB-ID: #VU29734

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 4.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1451

CWE-ID: CWE-79 - Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The disclosed vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitization of user-supplied data within the Microsoft SharePoint Server. A remote authenticated attacker can trick the victim to follow a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in user's browser in context of vulnerable website.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow a remote attacker to steal potentially sensitive information, change appearance of the web page, perform phishing and drive-by-download attacks.

Mitigation

Install update from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2010 - 2019


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1451

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

3) Cross-site scripting

EUVDB-ID: #VU29733

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 4.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1450

CWE-ID: CWE-79 - Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The disclosed vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitization of user-supplied data within the Microsoft SharePoint Server. A remote authenticated attacker can trick the victim to follow a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in user's browser in context of vulnerable website.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow a remote attacker to steal potentially sensitive information, change appearance of the web page, perform phishing and drive-by-download attacks.

Mitigation

Install update from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2010 - 2019


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1450

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

4) Out-of-bounds read

EUVDB-ID: #VU29732

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 5.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1445

CWE-ID: CWE-125 - Out-of-bounds Read

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to gain access to potentially sensitive information.

The vulnerability exists due to a boundary condition when processing untrusted data within the Microsoft Office. A remote attacker can create a specially crafted document file, trick the victim into opening it, trigger out-of-bounds read error and read contents of memory on the system.

Mitigation

Install update from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2010 - 2019

Microsoft Office: 2010 Service Pack 2 - 2019 for Mac

Office Online Server : 2016

Microsoft Word: 2010 - 2016

Microsoft Office for Mac: 2016

Microsoft Office Web Apps: 2010 Service Pack 2 - 2013 Service Pack 1


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1445

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

5) Cross-site scripting

EUVDB-ID: #VU29731

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 4.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1456

CWE-ID: CWE-79 - Improper Neutralization of Input During Web Page Generation ('Cross-site Scripting')

Exploit availability: No

Description

The disclosed vulnerability allows a remote attacker to perform cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks.

The vulnerability exists due to insufficient sanitization of user-supplied data. A remote authenticated attacker can trick the victim to follow a specially crafted link and execute arbitrary HTML and script code in user's browser in context of vulnerable website.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow a remote attacker to steal potentially sensitive information, change appearance of the web page, perform phishing and drive-by-download attacks.

Mitigation

Install update from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2010 - 2019


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1456

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote authenticated user via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

6) Out-of-bounds read

EUVDB-ID: #VU29730

Risk: Medium

CVSSv3.1: 5.9 [CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1342

CWE-ID: CWE-125 - Out-of-bounds Read

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to gain access to potentially sensitive information.

The vulnerability exists due to a boundary condition. A remote attacker can create a specially crafted file, trick the victim into opening it, trigger out-of-bounds read error and read contents of memory on the system.

Mitigation

Install updates from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2010 - 2019

Microsoft Office: 2010 Service Pack 2 - 2019 for Mac

Office Online Server : 2016

Microsoft Word: 2010 - 2016

Microsoft Office for Mac: 2016

Microsoft Office Web Apps: 2010 Service Pack 2 - 2013 Service Pack 1


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1342

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

Yes. This vulnerability can be exploited by a remote non-authenticated attacker via the Internet.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.

7) Buffer overflow

EUVDB-ID: #VU29729

Risk: Low

CVSSv3.1: 7 [CVSS:3.1/AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:P/RL:O/RC:C]

CVE-ID: CVE-2020-1025

CWE-ID: CWE-119 - Improper Restriction of Operations within the Bounds of a Memory Buffer

Exploit availability: No

Description

The vulnerability allows a local user to escalate privileges on the system.

The vulnerability exists due to a boundary error when Microsoft SharePoint Server and Skype for Business Server improperly handle OAuth token validation. A local user can modify the token, trigger memory corruption and execute arbitrary code on the target system.

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in complete compromise of vulnerable system.

Mitigation

Install update from vendor's website.

Vulnerable software versions

Skype for Business Server: 2015 CU8

Microsoft Lync: 2013

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2016 - 2019

Microsoft SharePoint Server: 2013


CPE2.3 External links

http://portal.msrc.microsoft.com/en-US/security-guidance/advisory/CVE-2020-1025

Q & A

Can this vulnerability be exploited remotely?

No. This vulnerability can be exploited locally. The attacker should have authentication credentials and successfully authenticate on the system.

Is there known malware, which exploits this vulnerability?

No. We are not aware of malware exploiting this vulnerability. However, proof of concept for this vulnerability is available.



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